Hume, D., A Treatise on Human Nature. Book 1: Reason. Translated by H. Janoušek. Prague: Togga. 2015.
The first book of Hume's Treatise on Human Nature, first published in 1739, is one of the major works of Western philosophical literature. Hume bases his science of human nature on the relation to human cognition. In a radical way, he attacks traditional ideas of the nature, function and extent of human reason, and interprets them on the background of his associative psychology with the help of concepts of faith, disposition, custom, and imagination. Among other things, he also criticizes traditional conception of the relationship between cause and effect, of externality and continuity of phenomenal objects, of identity and duration of one's own self, and many other basic philosophical concepts.
At the end of the book, Hume brings forth his sceptical insights into the ability of reason to an original formulation of the power of human nature to overcome the melancholy of philosophical exploration. The Czech translation of the first book Talking is complemented by a lift from the recently published book entitled The Treatise on Human Nature, which Hume published in 1740 to make his work more readable to readers.