Novotný, K., New concepts of phenomenality. Essays on the subjectivity and corporeality of appearance. Königshausen & Neumann, 2013.
This book offers a new look at the transformation of the Phenomenological Concept of Appearance, which was founded by Husserl and developed Heidegger, Maurice Merleau-Ponty and Jan Patočka, and has later unfolded in more recent French phenomenology of Emmanuel Lévinas, Michel Henry, Jean-Luc Marion and Marc Richir.
Michel Henry, who is opposed to Husserl's difference between experience and phenomenon, is also polemical with Merleau-Ponty, who in France in the fifties argues for a bodily integration of subjectivity and worldliness of phenomena. However, for Jan Patočka, Merleau-Ponty's dissolution of the difference between experience and the phenomenal into the perceptual as the original mode of being of both the world and sensuality is an important inspiration for his approach to an "a-subjective" phenomenology, in which basic moments of the French and the German phenomenology meet.
The problematic nature of the appearance takes on its own form in the work of Marc Richir in which these threads weave together. Another point of intersection is the critique of phenomenology by Emmanuel Levinas, from which a renewal of the phenomenological question of phenomenality begins, especially in the work of Jean-Luc Marion.
The author Karel Novotný teaches philosophy at the Faculty of Humanities of Charles University in Prague and is a researcher at the Institute of Philosophy of the Czech Academy of Sciences. He is, together with Hans Rainer Sepp, the director of the Central European Institute of Philosophy at the Charles University.